Betel is cultivated in the form of creeper (vine) plants. The vine growing in its plants gives yield for many years. Paan is used as a hobby for food. Apart from this, betel is mainly used in the Hindu religion for worship and the works of Havan. Betel leaves are eaten with catechu, lime, honey and betel nut. The saliva released from the betel strengthens the digestive power, and the body remains healthy. Apart from this, it is also used in many diseases, and grinding betel leaves on wounds and boils in the body gives quick relief. Commercially, its leaves are used to make smoking items.
Soil, Climate & Temperature
Betel cultivation can be done in any fertile soil. However, waterlogged land is not considered suitable for its cultivation. In waterlogging, the roots of the plant are destroyed and destroyed. The P.H. of the land in its cultivation. The value should be between 6 and 7. It is cultivated in humid and moist climates.
Its plants develop well in the rainy season, and hot and strong winds damage them. Also, its cultivation can be done in warmer and warmer regions. Betel plants require a minimum temperature of 10 degrees and a maximum of 30 degrees.
Field Preparation & Fertilizer
Before growing the crop in the betel field, its field is well ploughed deeply. Due to this, the remains of the area’s old crop are destroyed, leaving the field open for some time after pressing. After the first ploughing of the field, put 20 carts of old cow dung manure per hectare as a natural fertiliser and do two to three deep ploughing, due to which the dung manure gets mixed well in the soil of the field. After mixing the dung manure in the ground, it is pulverised by applying water.
After ploughing, when the field’s soil starts appearing dry from above, the lot is pushed using a rotavator. Due to this, the ground of the area becomes friable. After the earth becomes friable, the field is levelled with a pat. If you want to use chemical fertilizers in the betel field, then you need a bag of NPK. The amount of spray is to be done at the time of the last field ploughing.
The betel vine is planted in the prepared rows in the field. Both sides of the ready row are fitted, and a distance of 15 to 20 cm is kept between each vine. Apart from this, if you are planting the vine directly in the field, you have to produce the vine on the ground at a depth of 4 to 5 cm. After planting the vine, the Hazare method applies water to the field. Moreover, Eicher 380 is suitable for all types of farming.
Evening time is considered best for transplanting vines, which significantly reduces the chances of spoilage of vines. The months between February to March and May to June are suitable for transplanting betel vines. At both these times, the environment is favourable for the betel leaves.
Betel plants require more irrigation. Its initial irrigation is done immediately after transplanting. Its plants have to be watered at an interval of two days in the summer season, and irrigation of betel plants is done at an interval of 15 to 20 days in the winter season. Apart from this, when the weather is rainy, the plants should be watered only when needed. Moreover, New Holland 3230 is the tractor model which handles every farm equipment.
Betel plants need more weed control. Weeding is required every month till the leaves are ready in their plants. Removing weeds by hand is considered appropriate for weed control in betel crops.
When the leaves in the betel plant look shiny and complicated, their leaves are plucked during that time. When harvesting, the leaves have to be broken along with the stalk. Due to this, the leaf remains fresh for a long time. The leaves of the betel leaf are separated and sorted by plucking the identical leaves. After this, bundles are prepared by collecting 150 leaves together. The market price of betel leaves is one rupee per leaf, so farmers can earn more by cultivating betel leaves in one hectare of land.
Leave a Reply